Colombia

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Colombia

  • Percent of children screened for hearing loss:
  • Incidence of permanent hearing loss among newborns:

Current Status of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention for Children (500 word limit)

Between May 2002 and February 2004 CINDA foundation, an institution dedicated to providing services to young infants with hearing loss, performed hearing screening tests on premature babies using ABR technology in four Bogota area birthing hospitals. This was done in an attempt to sensitize health providers about the importance of NHS (Carvajalino, 2004).

In Colombia, legislation regarding the rights of people who are deaf or hard of hearing, which includes wording related to NHS, was passed in 2005 (Ley 982, 2009). However, the NHS component has not yet been implemented. Although a few hospitals possess the equipment needed to provide hearing screening, only a handful of professionals are reportedly aware of the program (Brigard de Pardo, 2002).


Demographics

  • Population (2012 est): 44,400,000
  • Number of Annual Births (2012 est): 876,000
  • Birth rate: 17.23 per 1,000
  • Percent of GDP spent on health care (2009): 5.9%
  • Percent of Health Care expenditures spent by government: 83.9%
  • Physician density: 1.35 per 1,000
  • Percent of newborns attended by skilled providers: 96%
  • Infant Mortality: 15.92 per 1,000
  • Literacy (age 15 and over can read and write): 90.4%


Publications about EHDI Programs in Colombia (maximum of 5)

  1. Castaño, R. (2002). Tamizaje universal auditivo neonatal: una utopia para países en desarrollo. Acta de Otorrinolaringología & Cirugía de Cabeza y Cuello, 30 (1).
  2. Brigard de Pardo, M.E. (2002). Detección temprana de pérdidas auditivas un deber pospuesto. Rev Otorrinolaringol 30(2), 9-18.
  1. Carvajalino, I, Samper, B. & Di Colloredo, P. (2004). Estudio descriptivo sobre la incidencia de las alteraciones auditivas en la población de bebés de alto riesgo de 0 a 6 meses de edad. Acta de otorrinolaringología y cirugía de cabeza y cuello. 32 (3).
  1. Gerner de Garcia, B., Gaffney, C., Chacon, S., and Gaffney, M. 2011. Overview of newborn hearing screening activities in Latin America. Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica. 29 (3):145-152.

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